What is the meaning of BAMCEF
BAMCEF is an abbreviation of an organization known as “The All India Backward (SC, ST, OBC) And Minority Communities Employees Federation”, where B- stands for Backward (SC, ST, OBC), A- for And, M- for Minority, C- for Communities, E- for Employees, and F- for Federation. Here the word Backward is used to indicate the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Castes. It means all these communities are backward. But it does not mean that these communities are backward equally. Some communities more backward and some are less backward. But all of them are backward- Therefore we have call them as ‘Backward’. So far as the minorities are concerned, we include all those minorities in this group who are converts from the Scheduled Castes, Tribes and Other Backward Castes. This is a historical fact that the class of minorities are the people who in the historical times have converted from Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Castes and become Muslims, Christians, Sikhs and Buddhist. Thus we want to organize the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Castes and religious minorities converted from them
View point based on Social System
From the view point based on systems, it can be seen that the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Classes and Minorities are victims of the brahminical system. Therefore Mahatma Jyotirao Phuley, Periyar Rama sami and Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar have fixed the objective of their movements to change this Social Systems of inequality. Therefore those who are suffering from this system, can only take active part in the movement of change of System. This is quite natural there is no point in organising those communities, who are benefitted by the system. Thus, for changing the system of inequality, it is necessary to organise those communities, who are victim of the system. Therefore the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Classes and Minorities are being organized.
Historical View Point
From the historical view point also, it can be said that these communities belong to one Social group. But in the historical process they are being identified and called by different names. It is necessary to identify this historical process.
It is now a historical fact that the Aryans have come to India from outside and have attacked native people and their culture and civilisation. In this attack, the Indus Valley Civilisation of the native people was destroyed. The Indus Civilisation is also known as Dravidian Civilisation. Not only Babar , but the Aryans are invaders too. These invading Aryans have thrust their Social System on the native people of this country, in which, originally only three Varnas i.e. Brahmins, Kshatriyas and Vaishyas existed. Therefore, after studying e Vedas carefully, Dr. Ambedkar had asked a question in his famous book, ‘Who were the Shudras’ that when originally there were only three Varnas, how the fourth Varna came into existance. He has answered this question in detail in his book. He said that the Kshatriya, who challenged the authority of Brahmins were deprived of their priestly rights and were degraded to fourth Varna i.e. Shudras. Thus the Varna system of three Varnas was changed to the system of four Varnas and the Shudra Varna came into existence. The Aryans gave the name of Dass, Anarya and Dasyus to the native people of this country. These people and the religiously boycotted Kshatriyas, were called as Shudras. Thus we can see today that the Shudras are the majority community of the country. To establish this system of Four Varnas, Aryans struggled very hard and they were successful in their struggle.
When this social system had serious repurcussions on the society, Gautam Buddha revolted against it and launched a movement of Social Revolution. The religiously boycotted Kshatriyas, supported Gautam Buddha in his struggle. The original Dass, Dassyus and other Un-Arya people also supported Buddha in this struggle. Buddha was among the original people of this country and therefore he got broad support of the original people. The religiously boycotted Kshatriyas supported Buddha, because they were unhappy with the Aryas. But on top of it, the Philosophy of Social Revolution of Buddha was giving dignity to human beings and therefore this was the basic reason, why all these people supported it. Even today the people of Shakya Caste are found in U. P. and Bihar. It is now well established, that Buddha was belonging to Shakya race. People belonging to Shakya Caste which has now been included in the Mandal Commission Report. From this it can be seen what changes have taken place in the historical process.
When Buddha was supported by the people against the System of Four Varnas, he challenged the foundation and ideology on which this system was standing. And there was no question which Buddha did not answer by his arguments. By this, the very foundation of the Varna System of Four Varnas and its conceptional basis was shattered and the social system of Aryans collapsed. Beside religious study and preaching all other special privileges of Brahmins (Aryans) which were responsible for their survival came into danger. It had created a problem of survival before the Brahmins and they started doing whatever work that was available to them. Many Brahmins joined the army of Samrat Ashoka. King Brihadrath, who was a grandson of Samrat Ashoka was killed when he was very young. His Senapati Pushyamitra shrung, who was a Aryan Brahmin, ruled the kingdom in the name of young Brihadrath. He beheaded king Brihadrath in the Durbar and declared himself as King.
Pushyamitra shrung did not only declare himself as king, but also declared Brahmanism as a state religion and thus re-established it. (Brahmin’s is the original Aryan Religion and is presently called as Hindu Religion. It is also a foreign religion like Islam and Christianity. This is worth consideration). By this, the original people of this country who became Buddhist and the religiously boycotted Kshatriyas who were converted to Buddhism, were frightened. Some of them surrendered also to Brahmanism, but some of them continued their opposition. * Those who surrendered to Brahmanism were accorded the status of shudras, and those who opposed it, were denied the right of wealth and all other important rights. In very period of Pushyashunga, “Mansmriti was written in which the penal code was designed. Pushyashunga also declared to be-head the Buddhist monks and started granting gold coins to those, who be-headed them. All these facts and truth were given by Dr. Ambed-kar in his book, Who were Untouchables’. Those who did not surrender to Pushyashunga and his decisions fought against it for a very long period. They took refuge in the jungles, because their property was already confiscated. Thus struggle went on for a very long period and therefore, dis-unity started developing in these people who were living in jungles in groups. Some people lived in jungles as it is. All these peoples were called Adivasis (Tribals), who are now coming into Scheduled Tribes. And all those who came out of jungles, started living near villages. Because their property was confiscated and there was no other source of livelyhood, they started eating the flesh of dead animals for their survival. Their touch was prohibited and thus they were called as Untouchables, who are now known as Scheduled Castes. All those people who surrendered to Pushyashunga and accepted Brahmanism, were given the status of Sudras. It means that in this system of four Varnas. the Shudras some of whom are the original people of this country are today known as Other Backward Classes.
Thus the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and other Backward Classes, who are now seen as separate and distinct communities are a one class from historical point of view and is composed of the original people of this country, who became separated in the historical process. But at same period in the history, they were one. Today these communities need to be gathered together and organised. And for this purpose, we must understand this historical view point.
When Muslim Kings came to India they brought their religion with them. Those who were victims of the system here, started converting to it. For about 600 years the Muslims ruled India and people from SC. SI and OBC were converting themselves to Islam in all these years. When Britishers came to India, they also brought their religion with them. They defeated the Muslims and ended their rule and established themselves as rulers. The SC, ST and OBCs who are victims of Brahmanism, converted themselves to Christianity. In between Muslim rule and British rule, Sikhism came into existence. Many of the SC, ST, OBC’s converted to it also, especially in northern India. As regard to Buddhist Conversion also, this is a fact. Thus from historical point of view the Scheduled Caste, Scheduled.Tribes, Other Backward Classes and all those Muslims, Sikhs, Christians and Buddhist converts are part of one society. They arc people of one blood and relation. Therefore to organise them is not only justified but invitable also. By organising then), we can put an end to all types of discriminations, which they face
Why we organise only educated class?
Why we are organising only educated class? This question need deep consideration. So many reasons can be given for this But we would like to discuss some important reasons below :—
Educated class is. an intellectual class and It has three special features. (a) Educated class acquires a new vision of. life and this vision make him analise his present life and its status. By this way, he conies to know the status of his present life. If he feels that his life; is inferior, he thinks of changing It and he dreams of a new system which will not make his life inferior. Therefore, the intellectual class has a vision of new society and new social order,’
(b) How the system which makes us inferior, has been crea- ted? What are main reasons of its creation ? For when it is working? Why it is working for them? To analise all these aspects, we need a specific view point which is known as critical study. The intellectual class can produce this critical study.
(c) The intellectual class can build an organisation for changing old rotten system and creating a new system, because the intel-lectual class knows that means are necessary for achieving an end.
Thus the intellectual class knows the significance of the means. These are three special features of the intellectual class. It is only for this reason Mahatrna Jyotirao Phuley and Dr. Ambedkar gave priority for creating au intellectual class from the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes. From these movements, which were run by Mahatma Phulay from 1848 to 1890 and Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar from 1916 to 1956, and we have seen that the present intellectual class is produced. These special features of the Intellectual Class require lo organise them.
Objective behind producing Intellectual Class
Why Mahatma Phooley and Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar gave priority for creating an Intellectual Class? Because they were kno wing that the intellectual class is necessary for charging the system the which they desired to change. Intellectual Class only can run the movement for the change of system. Thus for creating this class, priority was given. Intellectual Class is an important means for running the movement of change of system and to create this means, is important for the movement. Mahatma Phooley and Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar were knowing this fact. Therefore for full-filling this objective, they gave priority for creating an intellectual Class and not only that, they set a goal before them.
Is Intellectual Class doing this work?
Is the intellectual class from Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and Other Backward Classes is working for full-filling the objective set before them by their creators? After the through analysis, it is observed that this intellectual class does not take active part in any such activity of change of system. Not only that, it is also observed that this intellectual class looks at the Society, to which it belongs with contempt and keep themselves away from it. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar had experienced this, at the fag end of his life and therefore on 18th March 1956 at Ramlila Ground Agra he said with a heavy heart that ‘The educated people have betrayed me. I was thinking that after education they will serve their society But I find that a crowed of clerks has gathered around me, who are engaged in filling their belly. This heart burning is a proof that educated and intellectual class is allignated from the Society and is going away from its brother-hood Because of this reason, attroci-ties and descrimination has increased on the people living in villages.
The objective for which this class is created by Mahatma Phooley and Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar is not being full-filled by them. The class, who was expected to lead the society, became the most obedi ent servent of the government, and the movement was left for half-hearted and immature people. As such we can see that the movement of Mahatma Phooley and Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar is not running
What the Intellectual Class should do?
The intellectual class should do that work, which was expected from them by their creators. The system of inequality is continuing in the country. Unless and untill there is a change of this system the exploitation of the Scheduled Caste, Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Classes and minorities will continue and there will be all round discrimination against them. Therefore the intellectual class must organise themselves for bringing about a change of the system. They must organise the people and create an influential movement. The intellectual class must came forward to face this challenge. Keeping in mind this expectation of our creators and significance of the intellectual class, BAMCEF has decided to organise them for the task of social change, i. e. change of the system.
Limitations of BAMCEF
BAMCEF is an organisation of Government & Semi-government educated employees. They can not take part in any political activity and join in any political party. This is in violation of the civil service conduct rules. Therefore BAMCEF has been kept as Non-political and Non-agitational organisation. Along with this, keeping in mind the objective of creating an organisation of the 6000 oppressed and exploited castes, BAMCEF has been kept as Non-Religious organisation.
BAMCEF-As a Change Agent
Mahatma Jotirao Phooley, Periyar Ramaswami and Dr. Baba saheb Ambedkar have fixed the objective of their movements as change of system. This objective is yet to be achieved These great men have struggled throughout their life for fulfillment of this objective of change, of system and they got some ‘success also But . the movement of change of system is yet to achieve its logical end. Therefore BAMCEF has decided to ‘devote itself to this’ incomplete task of fulfilment of the objectives of these great men, in which change of. system is a main objective. Change of system means bringing a change in the structure of the social system. Therefore BAMCEF is not indulging itself into welfare and charitable activi-ties, because these activities can not be taken as an end. They can be used as means to achieve some end at a right time, according to necessity. For doing this, we must see that these activities help us in full-filling the main objective.
Since thousands of years. The efforts are going on for change of system, but we are yet to achieve complete success in it Thousands of great men have sacrified their life in the cause of change of system They have become heroes, but we are yet to achieve this objective. Therefore the change of system is a great task. It is a difficult task also. Therefore this task of change of system is a ” Mission ” for us and similarly we can say that all those people who work for it are “Missionary” people. For the fulifilment of this mission, we need thousands and lakhs of people. Then only we can achieve this mission. It is the first and foremost duty of all those people, who benifitted from the movement of Mahatma Phuley, Periyar Ramaswami and Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar that they should come forward on their own to give shape to this activity. We hope that our expectation and hopes will not go waste. With this, we end this appeal.